ESSIC assistant research scientist Xiaohua Pan co-authored an article recently published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres titled “Connecting Indonesian Fires and Drought With the Type of El Niño and Phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole During 1979–2016”.
In the article, Pan considers Indonesian fire activity in conjunction with the types of El Niño events and the interactions between El Niño and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) phenomena. One finding is that more intense and prolonged droughts and fires occur during the Eastern Pacific (EP) type of event, where emitted carbon amounts are almost double the attributable volume observed in Central Pacific (CP) types.
Applicable uses of the study’s outcome include drought early warnings, fire management, and air quality forecasts in Indonesia and adjacent areas.
In order to read this study entirely, click the following: “Connecting Indonesian Fires and Drought With the Type of El Niño and Phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole During 1979–2016”.